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Key Issues Relating to Indigenous Poverty & Disadvantage

Research data drawn from ANU Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, ACOSS/UNSW Poverty in Australia reports, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Australian Early Development Census finds that:

  • The Indigenous poverty rate was more than three times the poverty rate for all households in 2015-16.  This is not just a problem in remote Australia, in urban areas it was more than double the rate than for non-Indigenous people.
  • More than 8 in 10 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people live in major cities, inner and outer regional areas.  Less than 2 in 10 live in remote and very remote areas.
  • Income data from 2018-19 shows that the median income for Indigenous Australians was 60% lower than for non-Indigenous people.
  • 1 in 3 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is aged under 15 years and 60% are aged under 30 years.
  • In 2021 more than 4 in 10 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were developmentally vulnerable in at least one area when they started school (which is double the rate of developmental vulnerability for all children).

Read the full Briefing – Key issues relating to poverty and disadvantage for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People